*1960 John F. Kennedy is elected president of the United States.
*1961 The United Nations General Assembly condemns apartheid.
*1961 The Berlin Wall is constructed.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
*1960 The United States nuclear submarine Triton completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the world.
*1960 Number of television sets in the world: 85 million in the United States; 10 million in Britain; 2 million in West Germany
*1961 Soviet Yuri Gagarin orbits the earth; Alan Shepard makes the first United States space flight.
SOCIETY AND CULTURE
*1960 Harper Lee writes To Kill a Mockingbird
*1961 The film West Side Story premieres.
*1961 World population: 660 million in China; 435 million in India; 209 million in the U.S.S.R.; 179 million in the United States; 66 million in Brazil.